Lesson 4 : Phrasing

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Phrasing

You're familiar with how phrasing imparts crucial information. Employing a rising tone at a sentence's conclusion indicates a question, while a falling tone signifies a statement.

Asking Questions
Pay close attention to the audio and observe the distinction in sound between a statement and a question. Take note of the arrows.





Place a check mark next to the accurate response for each question. Subsequently, verify your choices using the Answer Key.

1. Who is that?  

2. What is this?

3. What are those?

4. Who are they?

5. What is that?

6. What are these?

7. Who is this?

8. What is this thing?

9. Who are these people?

10. Who are those people?

Introduce a subject using a noun the first time, then replace it with a pronoun once the subject is established. Nouns initiating a sentence are referred to as subject nouns, while those following the verb are termed object nouns. Object pronouns differ slightly from subject pronouns.

Replacing Nouns at the Beginning of a Sentence
Listen to the audio and notice the word order. The pronoun is not stressed.




Pronouns at the beginning of a sentence:

Replacing Subject Nouns with Pronouns
Fill in the blank with the proper pronoun: I, you, he, she, it, we, they. Note that the boldface words are stressed.

Nouns                                        Pronouns

My father                                      He                  is in the car.
1. Ben and Bill                                 are at the library.
2. Jenny                                            is reading a book.
3. Bill and Mark                              are planning a party.
4. Betty and Jan                             are tourists.
5. My friends and I                         are at home.
6. Those cars                                    are expensive .
7. You and your cousins               are in France.
8. This cheese                                 is delicious.                                                
9. Our city                                       is crowded. (many people)
10. Jasmine                                    is at home.

Replacing Subject Nouns with Pronouns - Pronunciation

Replacing Subject Nouns with Pronouns -Pronunciation

Listen attentively to the audio and repeat the content five times. Strive to emulate the sound of the preceding exercise. Pay attention to intonation, seamless word connections, and accurate pronunciation. Recall that "a" is pronounced as "uh."





Replacing Nouns at the End of a Sentence





Pronouns at the end of a sentence:



Replacing Object Nouns with Pronouns

Fill in the blank with the proper pronoun: me, you, him, her, it, us, them. The boldface words are stressed
                                                         Noun                         Pronoun
The doctor is in                                her office.                          it   
1. The newspapers are on             the table.                     
2. The women's shoes are on       their feet.                   
3. This package is for                    Mr. Jones.                 
4. That letter is for                         my mom.                   
5. Joe is Sitting next to                 Mr. and Mrs. Wilson. 
6. Sam is reading to                      my sister and me.     
7. The call is for                              you and your friends.
8. This story is about                    you and me.                   
9. My car is in                                the garage.                     
10. Her brothers are in                school.                           

Replacing Object Nouns with Pronouns - Pronunciation

Replacing Object Nouns with Pronouns -Pronunciation

Listen to the audio carefully and repeat the material five times. Observe the shift in stress from the object noun to the verb. Pay attention to the omission of the "h" in "him" and "her," as well as the "th" in "them."






Previously, we covered the concept that when initially introducing an object, you use "a thing." Subsequently, after its initial mention, you employ "the thing." There's a similar pattern to follow when substituting these words with pronouns. "A thing" transforms into "one," while "the thing" becomes "it.

Replacing Nouns with Pronouns - It or One

Fill in the blank with the proper pronoun, it or one. The bol
dface words are stressed.

                                                                                          Pronouns  

Your friend is on                          an airplane.                   one

1. My brother is on                    the phone.           
2. George is near                        a window.           
3. Joe is far from                        his hotel.               
4. I am in a good                          mood.                   
5. This is a very expensive         present.                 
6. Joe's brother and I are so happy to see  your family. 
7. All of the kids are still in          the pool.             
8. Everyone is talking about       his idea.             
9. The puppies are in                    a pile.                 
10. I have another                            problem.         

Replacing Nouns with Pronouns - Pronunciation

Replacing Nouns with Pronouns - Pronunciation

Focus on the intonation, word connections, and pronunciation.
Notice how the stress moves off the noun.




Replacing the Nouns
Rephrase each sentence by substituting all nouns with pronouns. The bold text indicates the intonation. In the revised pronoun sentences, the emphasis shifts to the verb.

My sister is reading a book.                           She is reading one.
1. Ben and Bill are in the pool.                       
2. Frank is watching TV.                                 
3. Debbie is near the door.                             
4. The bags are on the table.                         
5. Jim is holding a pen.                                   
6. Sam is in a good mood.                             
7. The dogs are in the house.                         
8. My family is in the car.                             
9. My brother and I are good friends.       
10. You and your cousins are on a break.   
11. His wallet is in his back pocket.             
12. The car keys are in his hand.                 
13. His pen is on the floor.                           
14. The cars are in a different garage.       
15. Their clothes are in the closet.             

Replacing the Nouns - Pronunciation

Listen and repeat.






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