Fast Facts: Tunisia
- Official Name: Republic of Tunisia
- Capital: Tunis
- Population: 12,046,656 (2022)
- Official Language: Arabic
- Currency: Tunisian dinar (TND)
- Form of Government: Changing into presidential republic (parliament is suspended)
- Climate: Temperature in north with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers; desert in south
- Total Area: 163,610 square kilometers
- Highest Point: Jebel Echambi at 5,066 feet (1,544 meters)
- Lowest Point: Shatt al Gharsah at -56 feet (-17 meters)
Location : Tunisia is a country in northern Africa along the Mediterranean Sea. It has borders with Libya and Algeria. Tunisia is the northernmost country of Africa. Tunisia’s history goes back to more than 3000 years ago. Today it has strong ties with the European Union .
Politics : Tunisia is a republic and it has been governed since 1987 by its president, Zine El Abidine Ben Ali. President Ben Ali was overthrown in early 2011. The country is working to restructure its government. Today Kais Saied, the constitutional law professor, is the president of the republic. He took control of power following massive protests against corruption on July, 25th 2021.
Tunisia has honored the Tunisian woman by nominating the first female prime minister in the Arab world Mrs.Najla Bouden.
Tunisia has a grand place in the annals of both the North African and European story. It has witnessed several civilizations such as the Berbers of old and the Phoenician Greeks, and Carthage.
Tunisia is the birthplace of several mythical figures as Aeneas and Dido, along with tales of Arabic sultans and even Norman seafarers from the north, and it’s easy to see why this cut-out on the Maghreb is such a fascinating, culturally-rich place.
Top 5 Tourist Attractions in Tunisia
1. The ancient city of Carthage
Today Carthage is the most famous suburb of Tunisia, and once there, you will really have something to see in Tunisia: the ruins of the ancient city still stand on the shore of the Gulf of Tunis. According to UNESCO, The site is a listed human heritage.
2. Sidi Bou Said
Sidi Bou Said is one of the most beautiful attractions of Tunisia, as a piece of art painted in white and blue. It lays on a cliff at the foot of which stretches the Mediterranean Sea, near the ancient site of Carthage.
According to the stories of guides, once in Sidi Bou Said a noble French baron got a house and he advised people to paint their houses in white and blue , so that they lessen the heat of the bright African sun.
3. The Ancient City of Kerkouane
The ruins of the ancient city of Kerkouane are located on the Cap Bon Peninsula. The Punic city appeared between the 6th and 3rd centuries BC.
The city was protected from outside attacks by a double wall, and inside was a perfectly organized system of drainage with a multitude of water channels.
The Romans destroyed the city of Kerkouane in 146 BC.
4. The Sahara Desert of Tunisia
The Sahara is one of the most mysterious and attractive places in Tunisia. The vast area of the Sahara is desert, but there are nationalities that inhabit these lands in places of oases. The Tunisian Sahara is endowed with sandy plains, dunes, salt lakes, rare oases and unusual local sunsets. Tours of the Sahara, including camel or jeep rides, are most frequent in the early morning hours.
5- El Jem
El Jem was formerly the Roman town of Thysdrus, one of the most important towns in North Africa after Carthage. Moreover, the amphitheater was built around the middle of the third century AD. It used to house up to 35,000 spectators.
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